What causes Rotator Cuff tears and how to treat them?

Rotator cuff tears are a common issue for elder people. Statistically, over thirty percent population people over the age of sixty experience partial tear in rotator cuff. Most people have little or no idea of that are the condition usually go unnoticed. If you are over sixty years of age and experience persistent shoulder pains, then you may be carrying a rotator cuff tear without knowing.

According to a popular myth, such tears are most common among rowers, baseball players and other professional athletes. However, these rotator cuff tears are equally common among painters and carpenters who are required to do overhead motion repeatedly.

Rotator Cuff – What is it?

It is helpful to understand the anatomy of rotator cuff. It is a clutch of four muscles (or tendons) in your shoulder. This group connects your shoulder blade with the upper arm. They are meant to stabilize your shoulder and allow effortless rotatory motion. Any damage caused to this system can restrict shoulder motion, case pain and weakness.

What causes tears of rotator cuff?

Rotator cuff tears are mainly caused by age related wear and tear or a physical injury.

  • In case of injury or trauma, the tear is caused by heavy lift, sudden heavy fall or pressure to your shoulder anatomy.
  • Age related tears are caused by wear and tear that occurs as a natural process related to ageing. Years of exposure to sports activity or even routine daily life usage can be the source of tears caused by overuse. With age, rotator cuff blood supply is affected causing inefficiency in natural healing process. With ageing, our bones spur as well which leads of impingement of shoulders and tendon weakening.


What are the most common symptoms in such a case?

Some of the most obvious and prominent symptoms include:

  • Pain in upper arm and outer side of the shoulder with pronounced weakness and tenderness in the affected area.
  • The sufferer experience moderate to sever pain in shoulder movements. The pain is more pronounced in movements that involve lifting movements over the head and arm raising towards front or side of the body.
  • In certain cases, the pain is more troubling during the sleep hours. The patient may have a problem in sleeping over the injured shoulder.
  • Reaching behind the back can be very painful. The pain can be so serious that the injured person may find it difficult to change the dress, comb his or her hair or other such activities.
  • You can feel cracking or snapping sounds during the shoulder movement